Jack Shonkoff, director of the Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University, talks with us about the science around trauma and toxic stress in child development.

“I never talk about toxic stress or excessive stress activation without also talking about adaptation and resilience and the fact that you can build resilience against that,” he says. “There’s huge variability and sensitivity to these kinds of traumas… the early experiences shift the odds, but they don’t determine exactly what’s going to happen.”

Shonkoff also shares broader insights about how science can be helpful to the public.

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